This class, who desired to own their own land, were believed to have been won over and pacified by the expropriation of the owners of the large estates.
The address in reply to the speech from the throne, voted after a debate in which abstract theories had triumphed over common sense, demanded universal suffrage, the establishment of pure parliamentary government, the abolition of capital punishment, the expropriation of the landlords, a political amnesty, and the suppression of the Imperial Council.
The repressive efforts of the government, however, culminated in the bill, introduced in the session of 1907 by Prince Billow, providing for the compulsory expropriation of Polish landowners in favour of Germans.
Expropriation often is accompanied by infringements of the third ingredient, individual liberty, as well.
Long term, this hurts nations more than expropriation has helped them.