They placed weapons near the grave for the dead friend's soul to use, and drove out disease from the sick by exorcising the ghost which was supposed to have caused it.
The religion is an undisguised animism, and all their frequent and elaborate ceremonies and festivals are aimed at exorcising and scaring spirits.
Some people write in journals, listing off any tasks or concerns they have as a way of exorcising them before going to sleep.
The cultures associated with exorcising masks lived south of the Yangtze River and incorporated shamanic rituals and totem worship into their culture.
Currently there are several minorities which still use exorcising masks, including the Miao, Yao, Zhuang, Shui, Buyi and Dong.