Meanwhile the political parties which were to divide the new Duma had taken shape.
In 1909 the third Duma restored the election of justices of the peace.
It was reserved for the third Duma, after the revolution, to begin the reversal of this process.'
The duma, or council, still attended to all the details of the administration; the old boyars still retained their ancient offices and dignities.
It is noteworthy that even the third Duma in its address to the throne, if it avoided the tabooed word " Constitution," avoided also all mention of autocracy.