Diglossia meaning

dī-glôsē-ə, -glŏsē-ə
The use of two markedly different varieties of a language in different social situations, such as a formal variety at work and an informal variety at home.
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(linguis.) Within a speech community, the use of two varieties of a language having different degrees of prestige, with speakers regularly using each in its appropriate social contexts.
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(linguistics) The coexistence of two closely related native languages or dialects among a certain population, one of which is regarded to be more prestigious than the other; also, that of two unrelated languages.
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(pathology) The presence of a cleft or doubled tongue.
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Origin of diglossia

  • From Greek diglōssos speaking two languages di- two di–1 glōssa tongue, language

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From the New Latin diglōssia, from the French diglossie, from the Ancient Greek δίγλωσσος (diglōssos, “bilingual") + -ία (-ia) (-ia, whence the French -ie and the English -ia).

    From Wiktionary