Covariance meaning

kō-vârē-əns
Frequency:
A statistical measure of the tendency of two random variables to vary in the same direction (called positive covariance) or in an opposite direction (called negative covariance) over many observations. Covariance is equal to the summed products of the deviations of corresponding values of the two variables from their respective means.
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(statistics) A measure of the relationship between two variables whose values are observed at the same time; specif., the average value of the product of the two variables diminished by the product of their average values.
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A statistical tool that measures the likelihood of two random variables moving together.
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(statistics) A statistical measure defined as given two real-valued random variables X and Y, with expected values and .
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(computing, programming) The conversion of data types from wider to narrower in certain situations.
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