His son Guillaume was a councillor of state and ambassador to England.
1806), and from whom he accepted (end of 1807) the office of secretary of state for the kingdom of Westphalia, exchanging this position early in 1808 for the posts of privy councillor and general director of public instruction.
He became a barrister at a at h ers Bastia in June 1788, and was soon elected a councillor of the municipality of Ajaccio.
In 1618 he was named councillor of state and in 1624 was called to Paris, where he found favour with Richelieu.
Since 1867 Penang has been under the administrative control of a resident councillor who is responsible to the governor of the Straits.