Cortisone meaning

kôrtĭ-sōn, -zōn
A naturally occurring corticosteroid, C21 H28 O5 , that functions primarily in carbohydrate metabolism and is used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, adrenal insufficiency, certain allergies, and gout.
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A corticosteroid, C21H28O5, used as a replacement in adrenal insufficiency and in the treatment of various inflammatory, allergic, and neoplastic diseases.
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A naturally occurring corticosteroid, C21 H28 O5 , that is converted in the body to cortisol. It is used in synthetic form as a drug, especially to treat adrenal insufficiency, certain allergies, and inflammation, as from rheumatoid arthritis.
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A steroid hormone that is easily formed from or converted to cortisol in the blood and is also produced synthetically for use as a pharmaceutical. The effects of cortisone on body tissues are similar to those of naturally or synthetically produced cortisol.
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(biochemistry, steroids) A corticosteroid hormone, closely related to corticosterone; 17-hydroxy-11-dehydrocorticosterone, with formula C21H28O5.
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Origin of cortisone

  • Shortening of corticosterone

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition