(4) The enforcement of contractual promises has long been abandoned by the courts Christian themselves.
In a word, the time of commercial, contractual, cash intercourse was coming fast.
Under it the high contracting powers have agreed not to have recourse to armed force for the recovery of contractual debts claimed from the government of one country by the government of another country as due to its subjects.
They have thus upheld the true contractual nature of concordats and the mutual juridical obligation which results from them.
In the fourth place, there is the self-denying ordinance against employment of arms for the enforcement of contractual obligations adopted at the Hague Conference of 1907.