To the theory of knowledge Spencer contributes a "transfigured realism," to mediate between realism and idealism, and the doctrine that "necessary truths," acquired in experience and congenitally transmitted, are a priori to the individual, though a posteriori to the race, to mediate between empiricism and apriorism.
But it is probable that what we speak of as the imitative tendency is, in any given species, the expression of a considerable number of particular responses each of which is congenitally linked with a particular presentation or stimulus.
But 8 they are not congenitally present in the individual in a determinate shape.
Recently, a very few congenitally deaf children have been implanted with an auditory brainstem implant in Europe.
Labor have shown that they are congenitally incapable of proper public service reform.