Survival by risk category Patients were stratified into risk groups using age and comorbidity.
Tic disorders-particularly TS-have a high rate of comorbidity with other childhood disorders.
stratifyal by risk category Patients were stratified into risk groups using age and comorbidity.
For a patient of this age and comorbidity with obtunded swallowing reflex the use of combined sedation with oropharyngeal LA was probably contraindicated.
W., et al. "Psychiatric Comorbidity, Family Dysfunction, and Social Impairment in Referred Youth with Oppositional Defiant Disorder."