Catatonia meaning

kătə-tōnē-ə
An abnormal condition variously characterized by stupor, stereotypy, mania, and either rigidity or extreme flexibility of the limbs. It is most often associated with schizophrenia.
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(psychiatry) A syndrome, esp. of schizophrenia, marked by stupor or catalepsy, often alternating with phases of excitement.
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A psychological condition marked by severe decreases or increases of movement. It is variously characterized by stupor, stereotypy, mutism, catalepsy, agitation, and extreme flexibility or rigidity of the limbs and is most often associated with schizophrenia.
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A severe psychiatric condition, often associated with schizophrenia, characterized by a tendency to remain in a rigid state of stupor for long periods which give way to short periods of extreme agitation.
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Origin of catatonia

  • New Latin from German Katatonie from Greek katatonos stretching tight from katateinein to stretch tight kata- intensive pref. cata– teinein to stretch ten- in Indo-European roots

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition