According to a Carian tradition reported by Herodotus (i.
65) in the colonization of the Cyclades and of Asiatic Ionia, which in Homer is still " Carian."
In the 4th century its political development was arrested by constant struggles between oligarchs and democrats, who in turn brought the city under the control of Sparta (4 12 -395, 39 1 -37 8), of Athens (395-39 1, 37 8 -357), and of 'the Carian dynasty of Maussollus (357-340).
They were not considered to be of the same blood as the Carians, and were, therefore, excluded from the temple of the Carian Zeus at Mylasa, which was common to the Carians, Lydians and Mysians, though their language was the same as that of the Carians proper.
A considerable number of short Carian inscriptions has been found, most of them in Egypt.