The 77th Novel of Justinian assigned death as the penalty, as did also the Capitularies.
The Frankish assemblies, previously held in the month of March (champs de mars), but under Pippin deferred to May (champs de mai), came to be more numerous, and served the king of the Franks as a means of receiving the gifts of his subjects and of promulgating his capitularies.
After the union of the Lombards to the Frankish kingdom, the capitularies made for the entire kingdom were applicable to Italy.
There were also special capitularies for Italy, called Cepitula Italica, some of which were appended to the edict of Rothar.
In the Toth century a collection was made of the capitularies in use in Italy, and this was known as the Capitulare Langobardorum.