A historical region of southeast-central Europe extending across western Romania, northeast Serbia, and southern Hungary. Formerly an ethnically mixed province of the Habsburg empire, it was partitioned with the breakup of Austria-Hungary in 1918.
(place) Agricultural region in SE Europe, in the Danube River basin: formerly a part of Hungary (1779-1919?), it was divided among Hungary, Romania, & Yugoslavia in 1920
In 1872 the Banat regiments followed suit; and in 1873 the old military organization was abolished in the rest of the frontier.
After recovering Transylvania he was sent to drive the Austrian general Puchner out of the Banat of Temesvar.
The main provisions of these were, that Turkey retained the Banat, while Austria kept Transylvania; Poland restored the places captured in Moldavia, but retained Kamenets, Podolia and the Ukraine; Venice restored her conquests north of Corinth, but kept those in the Morea and Dalmatia.
Near Peterwardein a great battle was fought, in which the Austrians completely routed the Turks; pursuing their advantage they took Temesvar and overran the Banat; in 1717 they captured Belgrade, the Turks retreating to Adrianople.
But the Ottomans, though the negotiations continued throughout 1738, were in no hurry to come to terms; for the tide of war had turned against both Austrians and Russians; Ochakov and Kinburn were recaptured; and the victorious Turks crossed the Danube and penetrated far into the Banat.