agricultural region in SE Europe, in the Danube River basin: formerly a part of Hungary (1779-1919?), it was divided among Hungary, Romania, & Yugoslavia in 1920
A historical region of southeast-central Europe extending across western Romania, northeast Serbia, and southern Hungary. Formerly an ethnically mixed province of the Habsburg empire, it was partitioned with the breakup of Austria-Hungary in 1918.
- In 1872 the Banat regiments followed suit; and in 1873 the old military organization was abolished in the rest of the frontier.
- After recovering Transylvania he was sent to drive the Austrian general Puchner out of the Banat of Temesvar.
- The main provisions of these were, that Turkey retained the Banat, while Austria kept Transylvania; Poland restored the places captured in Moldavia, but retained Kamenets, Podolia and the Ukraine; Venice restored her conquests north of Corinth, but kept those in the Morea and Dalmatia.
- Near Peterwardein a great battle was fought, in which the Austrians completely routed the Turks; pursuing their advantage they took Temesvar and overran the Banat; in 1717 they captured Belgrade, the Turks retreating to Adrianople.
- The Turks drove back the Austrians from Mehadia and overran the Banat (1789); but in Moldavia Romanzov was successful and captured Jassy and Khotin.