An embellishing note, usually one step above or below the note it precedes and indicated by a small note or special sign.
(music) A rhythmically strong dissonant grace note used melodically and resolving to a principal harmonic tone, usually by a single scale step.
Origin of appoggiatura
- Italian from appoggiato past participle of appoggiare to lean on from Vulgar Latin appodiāre Latin ad- ad- Latin podium support (from Greek podion base) (from pous pod- foot ped- in Indo-European roots)
From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
- Borrowed from Italian appoggiatura, derived from appoggiare (“to lean”).