Angina definition

ăn-jīnə, ănjə-
The definition of angina, short for "angina pectoris" which is the Latin term for squeezing of the chest, is a discomfort in the chest that takes place when a decrease in blood oxygen supply occurs in the heart muscle.
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The shortage in blood oxygen supply is often a result of the narrowing of coronary arteries caused by arteriosclerosis.
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Exertion is a usual trigger for angina as is any emotional stress, eating a heavy meal or being exposed to extreme temperatures may cause angina attacks.
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Angina attacks can last between one and 15 minutes.
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Symptoms - Feeling of heaviness, tightening, squeezing, intense pressure, and aching pain across the chest or behind the breastbone. The pain will often radiate to the jaw neck, back, arms, and teeth.
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Causes - Coronary heart disease, hypertension, stress, diabetes, high blood cholesterol levels, smoking, sedentary lifestyle and heredity.
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Treatments - Nitrates, quitting smoking, managing weight, stress management, resting, checking cholesterol levels, eating a diet rich in whole grains, fruits, and vegetables.

An example of angina is chest pain that lasts for just a few minutes and is relieved when you rest.

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Angina pectoris.
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A condition, such as severe sore throat, in which spasmodic attacks of suffocating pain occur.
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Any inflammatory disease of the throat or mouth, esp. one characterized by spasmodic suffocation.
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A localized spasm of pain or any condition marked by such spasms; specif., angina pectoris.
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Angina pectoris.
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A condition, such as severe sore throat, in which spasmodic attacks of suffocating pain occur.
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(pathology, incorrect) Angina pectoris.
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(pathology) An inflammatory infection of the throat, such as quinsy.
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(pathology, cardiology) A chest pain or shortness of breath occurring with lesser degrees of arterial blockage.
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Types - Stable (caused by exertion), unstable (caused by little or no exertion) and variant (caused by a spasm of a coronary artery - rare and occurs without any symptoms).
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Other Word Forms

Noun

Singular:
angina
Plural:
anginas

Origin of angina

  • Latin quinsy from Greek ankhonē a strangling angh- in Indo-European roots

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Latin angina (“quinsy, literally strangling, choking”), from angere (“to strangle, choke”).

    From Wiktionary