a light-colored, very hard mineral, zirconium silicate, ZrSiO, an ore of zirconium: used as a gem when transparent
Origin of zirconGerman zirkon, altered (by Werner: see wernerite) from French jargon from Italian giargone from Arabic zarq?n, bright red from Persian zarg?n, gold-colored from zar, gold
A brown to colorless mineral, ZrSiO4, which is heated, cut, and polished to form a brilliant blue-white gem.
Origin of zirconGerman Zirkon ( originally in obsolete scientific German Zirkonerde zirconium oxide, coined by German chemist Martin Heinrich Klaproth (1743-1817), who first isolated it from a jacinth ) probably partly from Arabic zarqūn minium, bright red ( from Persian zargūn gold-colored ) ( from Middle Persian zargōn golden ) ( zarr, zar- golden ) ( from Old Iranian zarna- ; see ghel-2 in Indo-European roots.) ( gōn color ) ( from Old Iranian gaona- ) (Sanskrit gu&nlowdot;ah string, thread, quality ) and partly from European terms for “jacinth” such as French jargon ( from Old French jargonce ) ( ultimately from Latin hyacinthus ; see hyacinth . )
(countable and uncountable, plural zircons)