a light-colored, very hard mineral, zirconium silicate, ZrSiO, an ore of zirconium: used as a gem when transparent
Origin of zirconGerman zirkon, altered (by Werner: see wernerite) ; from French jargon ; from Italian giargone ; from Arabic zarqūn, bright red ; from Persian zargūn, gold-colored ; from zar, gold
A brown to colorless mineral, ZrSiO4, which is heated, cut, and polished to form a brilliant blue-white gem.
Origin of zirconGerman Zirkon, from Arabic siriqun, from Greek surikon, from Persian āzargūn, fire color : āzar, fire (from Middle Persian ādur, from Old Persian *ātar, āç-, in Āçiyādiya, fire-worship month; see āter- in Indo-European roots) + -gūn, color (from Middle Persian; akin to Avestan gaon&schwa;m, hair, complexion (second sense unattested)).
(countable and uncountable, plural zircons)