X-ray diffractionx-ray diffraction
the diffraction of X-rays as they pass through a substance, usually forming an interference pattern that can be captured on film and used to analyze the internal structure of the substance
The scattering of x-rays by crystal atoms, producing a diffraction pattern that yields information about the structure of the crystal.
(countable and uncountable, plural X-ray diffractions)
- (physics) The scattering of X-rays by the regular lattice of atoms or molecules in a crystal.
- (physics) The diffraction pattern so obtained.
- (analytical chemistry) The technique of using such patterns to determine that geometry of a crystal, or the arrangements of atoms in a molecule; X-ray crystallography.