- the doctrine that the worth or value of anything is determined solely by its utility
- the doctrine, developed by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill, that the aim of all action should be to bring about the greatest happiness of the greatest number
- utilitarian character or quality
Utilitarianism is a philosophy or belief suggesting that an action is morally right if the majority of people benefit from it.
An example of utilitarianism was the belief that dropping the atomic bomb on Japan was a good idea since it potentially saved more lives than it lost.
- The belief that the value of a thing or an action is determined by its utility.
- The ethical theory proposed by Jeremy Bentham and James Mill that all action should be directed toward achieving the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people.
- The quality of being utilitarian: housing of bleak utilitarianism.
- Thus we pass from Egoistic to Universalistic hedonism, Utilitarianism, Social Ethics, more especially in relation to the still broader theories of evolution.
- Theological and political utilitarianism alike had been individualistic. But Darwin shows how the moral sense or conscience may be regarded as derived from the social instincts, which are common to men and animals.
- In unity, consistency and thoroughness of method, Bentham's utilitarianism has a decided superiority over Paley's.
- In the utilitarianism of Paley and Bentham the proper rules of conduct, moral and legal, are determined by comparing the imaginary consequences of different modes of regulation on men and women, conceived as specimens of a substantially uniform and unchanging type.
- His Utilitarianism (published in Fraser's in 1861) was a closely-reasoned systematic attempt to answer objections to his ethical theory and remove misconceptions of it.