- the brownish-yellow, sticky, semifluid oleoresin exuding from the terebinth
- any of the various sticky, viscid oleoresins obtained from pines and other coniferous trees; gum turpentine
- a colorless, volatile essential oil, CH, distilled from such oleoresins and used in paints, varnishes, etc., and in medicine; spirits of turpentine; oil of turpentine
Origin of turpentineMiddle English turpentyne ; from Old French terbentine ; from Classical Latin terebinthinus, of the turpentine tree ; from terebinthus: see terebinth
- to apply turpentine to
- ⌂ to extract turpentine from (trees)
- A thin volatile terpenoid essential oil, C10H16, obtained by steam distillation or other means from the wood or exudate of certain pine trees and used as a paint thinner, solvent, and medicinally as a liniment. Also called oil of turpentine, spirit of turpentine.
- The sticky mixture of resin and volatile oil from which turpentine is distilled.
- A brownish-yellow resinous liquid obtained from the terebinth.
transitive verbtur·pen·tined, tur·pen·tin·ing, tur·pen·tines
- To apply turpentine to or mix turpentine with.
- To extract turpentine from (a tree).
Origin of turpentineMiddle English, resin of the terebinth, from Old French terebentine, from Latin terebinthina (r&emacron;s&imacron;na), terebinth (resin), from Greek terebinthin&emacron;, feminine of terebenthinos, from terebinthos, terebinth tree.
- tur′pen·tin′ic , tur′pen·tin′ous
(countable and uncountable, plural turpentines)
(third-person singular simple present turpentines, present participle turpentining, simple past and past participle turpentined)
From Middle English turbentine, ultimately from Ancient Greek Ï„ÎµÏÎÎ²Î¹Î½Î¸Î¿Ï‚ (terÃ©binthos, “terebinth tree").