- the brownish-yellow, sticky, semifluid oleoresin exuding from the terebinth
- any of the various sticky, viscid oleoresins obtained from pines and other coniferous trees; gum turpentine
- a colorless, volatile essential oil, CH, distilled from such oleoresins and used in paints, varnishes, etc., and in medicine; spirits of turpentine; oil of turpentine
Origin of turpentineMiddle English turpentyne from Old French terbentine from Classical Latin terebinthinus, of the turpentine tree from terebinthus: see terebinth
transitive verb-·tined·, -·tin·ing
- to apply turpentine to
- to extract turpentine from (trees)
- A thin volatile terpenoid essential oil, C10H16, obtained by steam distillation or other means from the wood or exudate of certain pine trees and used as a paint thinner, solvent, and medicinally as a liniment. Also called oil of turpentine . Also called spirit of turpentine .
- The sticky mixture of resin and volatile oil from which turpentine is distilled.
- A brownish-yellow resinous liquid obtained from the terebinth.
transitive verbtur·pen·tined, tur·pen·tin·ing, tur·pen·tines
- To apply turpentine to or mix turpentine with.
- To extract turpentine from (a tree).
Origin of turpentineMiddle English resin of the terebinth from Old French terebentine from Latin terebinthina (rēsīna) terebinth (resin) from Greek terebinthinē feminine of terebenthinos from terebinthos terebinth tree
- tur′pen·tin′ic tur′pen·tin′ous
(countable and uncountable, plural turpentines)
(third-person singular simple present turpentines, present participle turpentining, simple past and past participle turpentined)
From Middle English turbentine, ultimately from Ancient Greek Ï„ÎµÏÎÎ²Î¹Î½Î¸Î¿Ï‚ (terÃ©binthos, “terebinth tree").