Turpentine definition

tûrpən-tīn
The sticky mixture of resin and volatile oil from which turpentine is distilled.
noun
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A thin, easily vaporized oil that is distilled from the wood or resin of certain pine trees. It is used as a paint thinner and solvent. Chemical formula: C10H16.
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A thin volatile terpenoid essential oil, C10 H16 , obtained by steam distillation or other means from the wood or exudate of certain pine trees and used as a paint thinner, solvent, and medicinally as a liniment.
noun
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A brownish-yellow resinous liquid obtained from the terebinth.
noun
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To apply turpentine to or mix turpentine with.
verb
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To extract turpentine from (a tree).
verb
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The brownish-yellow, sticky, semifluid oleoresin exuding from the terebinth.
noun
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A colorless, volatile essential oil, C10H16, distilled from such oleoresins and used in paints, varnishes, etc., and in medicine; spirits of turpentine; oil of turpentine.
noun
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To apply turpentine to.
verb
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To extract turpentine from (trees)
verb
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The sticky mixture of resin and oil from which this oil is distilled.
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A volatile essential oil obtained from the wood of pine trees by steam distillation; it is a complex mixture of monoterpenes; it is used as a solvent and paint thinner.
noun
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To drain resin from (a tree) for use in making turpentine.
verb
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Any of the various sticky, viscid oleoresins obtained from pines and other coniferous trees; gum turpentine.
noun
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Other Word Forms

Noun

Singular:
turpentine
Plural:
turpentines

Origin of turpentine

  • Middle English resin of the terebinth from Old French terebentine from Latin terebinthina (rēsīna) terebinth (resin) from Greek terebinthinē feminine of terebenthinos from terebinthos terebinth tree

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Middle English turbentine, ultimately from Ancient Greek τερέβινθος (terébinthos, “terebinth tree").

    From Wiktionary