Sudan[so̵̅o̅ dan′, -dän′]
- vast semiarid region in NC Africa, south of the Sahara, extending from the Atlantic to the Red Sea
- country in the E part of this region, south of Egypt: formerly a British & Egyptian condominium called Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, it became an independent republic in 1956: 967,500 sq mi (2,505,815 sq km); pop. 20,564,000; cap. Khartoum
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- A region of northern Africa south of the Sahara and north of the equator. It extends across the continent from the Atlantic coast to the mountains of Ethiopia.
- A country of northeast Africa south of Egypt. Northern Sudan formed part of the ancient kingdoms of Nubia and Cush. Conquered by Egypt in 1820-1822 and jointly administered by Great Britain and Egypt after 1899, Sudan achieved independence in 1956. Khartoum is the capital and Omdurman is the largest city. Population: 39,400,000.
- Suˌda·neseˈ adjective & n.
Sudan - Cultural Definition
Republic in northeastern Africa, bordered on the north by Egypt (see also Egypt); on the east by the Red Sea and Ethiopia; on the south by Kenya, Uganda, and Democratic Republic of Congo; and on the west by the Central African Republic, Chad, and Libya. Its capital is Khartoum, and its largest city is Omdurman.
- Sudan was under the joint rule of Britain and Egypt (though Britain exercised actual control) from 1899 to 1956.
- Recently, it has been plagued by famine and civil war.