country in W Africa, south & east of Mauritania: a former French territory ( French Sudan), it joined the French Community as the autonomous Sudanese Republic (1958); it joined with Senegal to form the Mali Federation (1959); union dissolved & full independence proclaimed (1960): 478,767 sq mi (1,240,000 sq km); cap. Bamako
A country of western Africa. The site of several powerful states, including the Mali (flourished 14th century) and the Songhai (flourished 15th-16th century), Mali became part of French West Africa in the 19th century and achieved independence in 1960. Bamako is the capital and the largest city.x
- (slang) Pure MDMA
- Country in Western Africa. Official name: Republic of Mali.