country in W Africa, south & east of Mauritania: a former French territory ( French Sudan), it joined the French Community as the autonomous Sudanese Republic (1958); it joined with Senegal to form the Mali Federation (1959); union dissolved & full independence proclaimed (1960): 478,767 sq mi (1,240,000 sq km); cap. Bamako
A country of western Africa. The site of several powerful states, including the Mali (flourished 14th century) and the Songhai (flourished 15th–16th century), Mali became part of French West Africa in the 19th century and achieved independence in 1960. Bamako is the capital and the largest city.
- (slang) Pure MDMA
- Country in Western Africa. Official name: Republic of Mali.