- a member of a people that lived in Sogdiana
- the extinct Iranian language of this people
- A member of an ancient Iranian people whose homeland was in the area around Samarkand and who had established settlements throughout Chinese Turkistan before the advent of Islam.
- The extinct Middle Iranian language of this people, known chiefly from texts and inscriptions dating from the second to the ninth centuries AD.
Origin of SogdianLatin Sogdianus, from Greek Sogdoi, Sogdians, from Old Persian Sug(u)da-.