- a member of a people that lived in Sogdiana
- the extinct Iranian language of this people
- A member of an ancient Iranian people whose homeland was in the area around Samarkand and who had established settlements throughout Chinese Turkistan before the advent of Islam.
- The extinct Middle Iranian language of this people, known chiefly from texts and inscriptions dating from the second to the ninth centuries AD.
Origin of SogdianLatin Sogdi&amacron;nus, from Greek Sogdoi, Sogdians, from Old Persian Sug(u)da-.