The Ahoms, together with the Shans of Burma and Eastern China and the Siamese, were members of the Tai race.
It is known that to the TibetoChinese modifications of the pure Mongolian type all the eastern Burmese tribes - Chins, Kachins, Shans, &c. - belong (as indeed do the Burmese themselves), and that a cognate race occupies the Himalaya to the eastern limits of Kashmir.
This Thai family includes the Shans proper, and the Siamese.
Colquhoun, Amongst the Shans (1885); Lord Lamington, Proc. R.G.S.
The chief races of Burma are Burmese (6,508,682), Arakanese (405,143), Karens (717,859), Shans (787,087), Chins (179,292), Kachins (64,405) and Talaings (321,898); but these totals do not include the Shan States and Chin hills.