- a system by which manuscripts denied official publication in the Soviet Union were circulated clandestinely as in typescript or in mimeograph form, or were smuggled out for publication abroad
- manuscripts distributed in this way
Origin of samizdatRussian from sam(o)-, self- (for Indo-European base see same) + izdat(el'stvo), publishing from izdat', publish
- a. The secret publication and distribution of government-banned literature in the former Soviet Union.b. The literature produced by this system.
- An underground press.
Origin of samizdatRussian sam self ; see sem-1 in Indo-European roots. izdatel'stvo publishing house ( from izdat' to publish ) ( on the model of Gosizdat State Publishing House ) ( iz from, out of ; see eghs in Indo-European roots.) ( dat' to give ; see dō- in Indo-European roots.)
- Often italicized as a foreign term not fully naturalized.
1967, From Russian ÑÐ°Ð¼Ð¸Ð·Ð´Ð°Ñ‚ (samizdÃ¡t, “self-publishing"), from ÑÐ°Ð¼ (sam, “self") + Ð¸Ð·Ð´Ð°Ñ‚ (izdÃ¡t), abbrev. of Ð¸Ð·Ð´Ð°Ñ‚ÐµÐ»ÑŒÑÑ‚Ð²Ð¾ (izdÃ¡tel'stvo, “publishing house"). Compare Russian Ð“Ð¾ÑÐ¸Ð·Ð´Ð°Ñ‚ (GosizdÃ¡t, “State Publisher").