- Archaic a cross as used in crucifixion; specif., the cross on which Jesus was crucified
- any cross representing this; crucifix, esp. a large one at the entrance to the chancel or choir of a medieval church, often supported on a rood beam or rood screen
- an old unit of linear measure varying locally from 5 to 8 yards; sometimes, 1 rod
- an old unit of land measure usually equal to acre (40 square rods)
Origin of roodMiddle English rode ; from Old English rod, a cross, measure; akin to rodd: see rod
- a. Archaic The cross on which Jesus was crucified.b. A crucifix, especially one surmounting the rood screen or rood beam of a medieval church.
- Chiefly British A measure of length that varies from 5 1/2 to 8 yards (5.0 to 7.3 meters).
- A measure of land equal to 1/4 acre, or 40 square rods (0.10 hectare).
Origin of roodMiddle English, from Old English r&omacron;d.
From Middle English rood, from Old English rÅd (“a rod, pole, rood (land measure), plot of land of a square rod, a cross, rood (as in Holy-rood), gallows, a cross on which a person is executed, death on a cross, crucifix"), from Proto-Germanic *rÅdÅ, *rÅdÅn (“rod, pole"), from Proto-Indo-European *rÅt-, *rÄt- (“bar, beam, stem"). Cognate with German Rute (“rod, cane, pole"), Norwegian roda (“rod"). Largely displaced by cross. More at rod.