- Archaic a cross as used in crucifixion; specif., the cross on which Jesus was crucified
- any cross representing this; crucifix, esp. a large one at the entrance to the chancel or choir of a medieval church, often supported on a rood beam or rood screen
- an old unit of linear measure varying locally from 5 to 8 yards; sometimes, 1 rod
- an old unit of land measure usually equal to acre (40 square rods)
Origin of roodMiddle English rode from Old English rod, a cross, measure; akin to rodd: see rod
- a. Archaic The cross on which Jesus was crucified.b. A crucifix, especially one surmounting the rood screen or rood beam of a medieval church.
- Chiefly British A measure of length that varies from 512 to 8 yards (5.0 to 7.3 meters).
- A measure of land equal to 14 acre, or 40 square rods (0.10 hectare).
Origin of roodMiddle English from Old English rōd
From Middle English rood, from Old English rÅd (“a rod, pole, rood (land measure), plot of land of a square rod, a cross, rood (as in Holy-rood), gallows, a cross on which a person is executed, death on a cross, crucifix"), from Proto-Germanic *rÅdÅ, *rÅdÅn (“rod, pole"), from Proto-Indo-European *rÅt-, *rÄt- (“bar, beam, stem"). Cognate with German Rute (“rod, cane, pole"), Norwegian roda (“rod"). Largely displaced by cross. More at rod.