roman à clef[rō′män nä klā′]
roman à clef definition by Webster's New World
Webster's New World College Dictionary Copyright © 2010 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio. Used by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
a novel in which real persons appear under fictitious names
Origin: French novel with a key
roman à clef definition by American Heritage Dictionary
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th edition Copyright © 2010 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
noun pl. ro·mans à clef
A novel in which actual persons, places, or events are depicted in fictional guise.
Origin: French : roman, novel + à, with + clef, key.