In his Psychology Herbart rejects altogether the doctrine of mental faculties as one refuted by his metaphysics, and tries to show that all psychical phenomena whatever result from the action and interaction of elementary ideas or presentations (Vorstellungen).
His object is to discover the highest end of human life, and with this view he classifies the various activities of the human soul, rejects such as are material or animal, and then analyses the various spiritual forms to which the activities may be directed.
Hermas rejects both the extreme opinions, viz.
As regards ethics, Baader rejects the Kantian or any autonomic system of morals.
While approving of the Epicurean physics, he rejects altogether the Epicurean negation of God and particular providence.