Slope is abrupt, with precipices from b oo to 4000 ft.
The coast scenery, especially on the west, is always picturesque and often grand, the cliffs, sheer precipices of brilliant colouring, reaching a height of over l000 ft.
The chief of these is occupied by the famous fortress Fredriksten, protected on three sides by precipices founded by Frederick III.
This alpine region sends out numerous rivers in a southerly direction, which, forcing their passage through narrow defiles, and precipitated in cataracts over the precipices, eventually pour themselves into the Brahmaputra.
The Mokau and Wanganui run between ferny and forest-clad hills and precipices, often of almost incomparable beauty.