- network interface card: used to interface a computer to a network.
- (Internet) Network Information Center
- Nursing Interventions Classification
nic - Computer Definition
Also known as a network interface unit (NIU).Traditionally, a device in the form of firmware on a printed circuit board that fits into an expansion slot of a device (e.g., workstation, printer, or server) and provides the necessary programmed logic for that device to interface to a local area network (LAN). Alternatively, multiple cards traditionally were contained within a multiport device that supported multiple devices on a pooled basis. Contemporary computers commonly include NIC functions on the main circuit board, or motherboard. NICs are responsible for medium access control (MAC). Each NIC has a theoretically unique logical MAC address, assigned by the manufacturer, for purposes of identification. See also LAN and MAC.
(2) (New Internet Computer) An earlier Linux-based computer from The New Internet Computer Company (NICC), Palo Alto, CA. The NIC was a pure Web appliance without disk drives, and the OS, Java Virtual Machine and browser all resided on a CD-ROM. An Internet storage service was required to save files, but bookmarks were saved in flash memory. For e-mail, a Web-based service was required. Co-founded in 2000 by Oracle magnate Larry Ellison, the NIC was a new incarnation of the network computer, but it never caught on. See network computer and Internet appliance.