- a flammable, volatile, oily liquid produced by the fractional distillation of petroleum: it is the fraction that boils between gasoline and kerosene and is used as a fuel, solvent, and illuminant
- any of several flammable, volatile liquids produced by the distillation of coal tar, wood, coal, and other carbonaceous materials
Origin of naphthaClassical Latin ; from Classical Greek naphtha, naphtha, bitumen ; from Persian neft, pitch ; from uncertain or unknown; perhaps Indo-European base an unverified form nebh-, damp, water from source Classical Greek nephel?, cloud, fog
- Any of several highly volatile, flammable liquid mixtures of hydrocarbons distilled from petroleum, coal tar, and natural gas and used as fuel, as solvents, and in making various chemicals. Also called benzine, ligroin, petroleum ether, white gasoline.
- Obsolete Petroleum.
Origin of naphthaLatin, from Greek, liquid bitumen, of Semitic origin; see np&tlowdot; in Semitic roots.
(countable and uncountable, plural naphthas)
From Latin naphtha, from Ancient Greek Î½Î¬Ï†Î¸Î± (nÃ¡phtha), ultimately from Old Persian ðŽ´ðŽ³ðŽ« (naft). The Greek mediation is reflected in the spelling - "˜ph' and "˜th' (from "˜Ï†' and "˜Î¸').