- a flammable, volatile, oily liquid produced by the fractional distillation of petroleum: it is the fraction that boils between gasoline and kerosene and is used as a fuel, solvent, and illuminant
- any of several flammable, volatile liquids produced by the distillation of coal tar, wood, coal, and other carbonaceous materials
Origin of naphthaClassical Latin from Classical Greek naphtha, naphtha, bitumen from Persian neft, pitch from uncertain or unknown; perhaps Indo-European base an unverified form nebh-, damp, water from source Classical Greek nephel?, cloud, fog
- Any of several highly volatile, flammable liquid mixtures of hydrocarbons distilled from petroleum, coal tar, and natural gas and used as fuel, as solvents, and in making various chemicals. Also called benzine . Also called ligroin . Also called petroleum ether . Also called white gasoline .
- Obsolete Petroleum.
Origin of naphthaLatin from Greek liquid bitumen of Semitic origin np&tlowdot;
(countable and uncountable, plural naphthas)
From Latin naphtha, from Ancient Greek Î½Î¬Ï†Î¸Î± (nÃ¡phtha), ultimately from Old Persian ðŽ´ðŽ³ðŽ« (naft). The Greek mediation is reflected in the spelling - "˜ph' and "˜th' (from "˜Ï†' and "˜Î¸').