Monaco[män′ə kō, mə nä′kō]
- country in S Europe on the Mediterranean: an independent principality & an enclave in SE France: .75 sq mi (1.9 sq km); pop. 30,000
- its capital, a commune
- A country in Europe. Official name: Principality of Monaco.
- The capital of the principality of Monaco.
From Ancient Greek μόνοικος (monoikos, “single house”), from μόνος (monos, “single, alone”) + οἶκος (oikos, “house”), the name of the 6th century BC colony of Phocaeans and an epithet of Heracles (Hercules), Ἡρακλῆς Μόνοικος (Heracles Monoikos). According to an ancient Greek myth and a Ligurian legend, Heracles passed through the Monaco area. A temple was constructed there by Phocaeans, the temple of Heracles Monoikos (Strabo, Geography, Gaul, 4.6.3).