Variant of mercury
- Rom. Myth. the messenger of the gods, god of commerce, manual skill, eloquence, cleverness, travel, and thievery: identified with the Greek Hermes
- the eighth largest planet in the solar system and the one nearest to the sun: diameter, c. 4,880 km (c. 3,030 mi); period of revolution, 87.97 earth days; period of rotation, 58.65 earth days; symbol, ☿
Origin: ME < ML mercurius < L, Mercurius, Mercury: so named by the alchemists because of its fluidity: see quicksilver
- a heavy, silver-white metallic chemical element, liquid at ordinary temperatures, which sometimes occurs in a free state but usually in combination with sulfur; quicksilver: it is used in thermometers, air pumps, electrical products, etc. and in dentistry: symbol, Hg; at. no., 80
- the mercury column in a thermometer or barometer
- pl. MercuriesNow Rare a messenger or guide
- any of a genus (Mercurialis) of plants of the spurge family
- an edible European plant (Chenopodium bonus-henricus) of the goosefoot family
Origin: L Mercurius, Mercury, of Etr orig.
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