MEMS definition by American Heritage Dictionary
mems - Computer Definition
Tiny electromechanical systems on a silicon chip. MEMS comprise integrated mechanical elements, sensors, actuators, and electronics on a common silicon substrate through microfabrication technologies, including the micromachining of the mechanical elements. MEMS are employed in optical projectors as well as in purely optical switches used in fiber optics transmission systems (FOTS), and actually are more along the lines of optical cross-connects. As purely optical devices, they do not require that the incoming optical signal be converted to an electrical signal for processing and then be reconverted to an optical signal. In other words, MEMS are optical-optical-optical (OOO), rather than optical-electrical-optical (OEO). See also cross-connect, FOTS, and switch.
(MicroElectroMechanical Systems) Tiny mechanical devices that are built onto semiconductor chips and are measured in micrometers. In the research labs since the 1980s, MEMS devices began to materialize as commercial products in the mid-1990s. They are used to make pressure, temperature, chemical and vibration sensors, light reflectors and switches, as well as accelerometers for vehicle airbags, smartphones, tablets and games (see accelerometer). MEMS technology is also used to make inkjet print heads, microactuators for read/write heads and all-optical switches that reflect light beams to the appropriate output port. MEMS and MOEMS When optical components are included in a MEMS device, it is called a micro-opto-electromechanical system (MOEMS). For example, adding a photonic sensor to a silicon chip constitutes a MOEMS device. See micromachine, MEMS mirror, DLP and optical switch. MEMS Vs. Nanotechnology Sometimes MEMS and nanotechnology are terms that are used interchangeably, because they both deal with microminiaturized objects. However, they are vastly different. MEMS deals with creating devices that are measured in micrometers, whereas nantotechnology deals with manipulating atoms at the nanometer level.
mems - Investment & Finance Definition
Microelectro-mechanical systems are tiny sensors and other devices that have small moving parts. Such devices are commonly found in consumer electronics products such as DVD players, cell phones, and hand-held computers, expanding from their early markets in industrial and military applications.