- the strap of a horse's harness passing from the noseband to the girth between the forelegs, to keep the horse from rearing or throwing back its head
- a lower stay for the jib boom or flying jib boom of a sailing vessel, to bear the strain of the head stays
- dolphin striker
- a system of betting in which, after a losing wager, the amount bet is doubled or otherwise increased
Origin of martingaleFr, probably from Spanish almártaga, a check, rein from Arabic
- The strap of a horse's harness that connects the girth to the noseband and is designed to prevent the horse from throwing back its head.
- Nautical Any of several parts of standing rigging strengthening the bowsprit and jib boom against the force of the head stays.
- Games A method of gambling in which one doubles the stakes after each loss.
- A loose half belt or strap placed on the back of a garment, such as a coat or jacket.
Origin of martingaleFrench martingale from Provençal martegalo martingale rigging parts, martingale harness strap, game in which the stakes double after each loss from feminine of martegal person from the town of Martigues in southeast France (the game being so called from the reputation of the people of Martigues for naiveté and extravagance, due to the town's unconventional, isolated location on a canal linking a lagoon to the Mediterranean Sea)
- A piece of harness used on a horse to keep it from raising its head above a desired point.
- (nautical) A spar, or piece of rigging that strengthens the bowsprit.
- (mathematics) A stochastic process relating random variables to earlier values
- A gambling strategy in which one doubles the stake after each loss.
- (fencing) A strap attached to the sword handle, preventing a sword being dropped if disarmed.