The animals which specially belong to the Peruvian Andes are the domestic llamas and alpacas and the wild vicunas.
The rearing of llamas and alpacas is a recognized industry in the Bolivian highlands and is wholly in the hands of the Indians, who alone seem to understand the habits and peculiarities of these interesting animals.
They are not used as beasts of burden like llamas, but are valued only for their wool, of which the Indian blankets and ponchos are made.
In this sense, llamas are characterized as follows.
Llamas are now confined to the western and southernmost parts of South America, though fossil remains have been found in the caves of Brazil, and in the pampas of the Argentine Republic.