The Roman god Jupiter.
- Jupiter was named for the Roman king of the gods.
- Jupiter is the the fifth planet in the solar system and the largest of all the known planets, more than eleven times bigger that Earth.
- Jupiter contains both atmospheric gases and gases underneath the surface of the planet:
- Atmospheric Gases - Ammonia and Ammonium Hydrosulfide
- Gases Underneath the Surface - Helium, Methane, Hydrogen and Ammonium Hydrosulfide
- It is believed to have a small, rocky core.
- Jupiter has four faint dust rings which were detected in 1979.
- It is noted for it’s colorful striations of red, white, yellow, and brown. The light colored areas are called bands while the darker colored areas are called belts.
- Jupiter has the strongest magnetic field of all of the planets in the solar system.
- There are very strong electrical currents running through this planet.
- Jupiter generates its own heat.
- It has clouds of ammonia crystals. The temperature in the cloud tops of Jupiter is 230 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Jupiter is five times farther away from the Sun than the Earth. Its average distance from the sun is 483,780,000 miles.
- Jupiter spins faster than any other planet in our solar system which causes it to bulge in the middle and flatten at the poles. Jupiter rotates in approximately 10 hours.
- Jupiter has an elliptical orbit around the sun. One orbit is almost 12 Earth years long. It takes Jupiter 12 Earth years to orbit once around the sun.
- Jupiter’s most noticeable feature is called the Great Red Spot. It is an enormous, violent storm, similar to a hurricane on Earth and measures approximately the same diameter as Earth. Scientists are not completely sure what causes the Great Red Spot.
- To date, Jupiter has 63 known moons and confirmed satellites, the most of any planet. The moons were only discovered after 1975.
- Galileo’s observation of Jupiter’s moons was the first known recording of them, and Galileo was the first individual to observe Jupiter using a telescope.
- Seven different probes have been sent to learn more about Jupiter. The first was Pioneer 10 which did a fly by of Jupiter in 1973. In 1979, Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 discovered Jupiter's rings. The Galileo orbitor, launched in 1989, reached orbit by 1995 and collected data for over seven years until 2003 when it was intentionally crashed into the planet.
- An example of Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun.
- An example of Jupiter is the Greek god Zeus.
The definition of Jupiter is the largest planet in our solar system, or the supreme god in Roman mythology.
Facts About Jupiter
- Rom. Myth. the chief deity, god of thunder and the skies: identified with the Greek Zeus
- the largest planet of the solar system and the fifth in distance from the sun: it has a ring composed of microscopic dustlike particles: diameter, c. 142,980 km (c. 88,850 mi); period of revolution, 11.86 earth years; period of rotation, 9.92 hours; 62 satellites; symbol, ♃
Origin of JupiterClassical Latin Juppiter, origin, originally a vocative ; from bases of Jovis, Jove and amp; pater, father
- Roman Mythology The supreme god, patron of the Roman state and brother and husband of Juno. He came to be identified with the Greek Zeus. Also called Jove.
- Astronomy The fifth planet from the sun, the largest and most massive in the solar system, having a sidereal period of revolution about the sun of 11.86 years at a mean distance of 778.6 million kilometers (483.8 million miles), a mean diameter of approximately 143,000 kilometers (89,000 miles), and a mass approximately 320 times that of Earth.
Origin of JupiterLatin Iūpiter; see dyeu- in Indo-European roots.
top: 1st-century ad Roman sardonyx on 14th-century gold and enamel mount
bottom: the planet Jupiter
- (astronomy) The fifth and by far the largest planet in the Solar System, a gas giant, represented by the symbol ♃ in astronomy. Jupiter is known for its Great Red Spot and many moons including the Galilean moons.
- (Roman mythology) The King of the Gods, also called Jove. Equivalent to the Greek Zeus, Jupiter was one of the children of Saturn.
From Latin Iuppiter (“father Jove”), originally a vocative cognate with Ancient Greek Ζεῦ πάτερ (Zeu pater, “o father Zeus”).