Judaism[jo̵̅o̅′dā iz′əm, -dē-, -də-]
Judaism is a religion and a way of life.
- Judaism is defined as the Jewish religion and Jewish way of life.
An example of Judaism is the religion that Moses practiced.
- the Jewish religion, a monotheistic religion based on the laws and teachings of the Holy Scripture and the Talmud
- the Jewish way of life; observance of Jewish morality, traditions, ceremonies, etc.
- Jews collectively; Jewry
Origin of JudaismMiddle English Judaisme ; from Ecclesiastical Late Latin Judaismus ; from Ecclesiastical Greek Ioudaismos ; from Ioudaios: see Jew
- The monotheistic religion of the Jews, tracing its origins to Abraham and having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Hebrew Scriptures and the Talmud.
- Conformity to the traditional ceremonies and rites of the Jewish religion.
- The cultural, religious, and social practices and beliefs of the Jews.
Origin of JudaismMiddle English Iudaisme, from Old French Judaisme, from Late Latin Iūdaismus, from Greek Ioudaismos, from Ioudaios, Jew; see Jew. Usage Note: The standard pronunciations for this word are (j&oomac;′dē-ĭz′&schwa;m) and (j&oomac;′dā-ĭz′&schwa;m). In our 2001 survey, the first was the preferred choice of 37 percent of the Usage Panel, and the second was favored by 40 percent. The less common variants (j&oomac;′d&schwa;-ĭz′&schwa;m) and (j&oomac;-dā′ĭz′&schwa;m) were the choice of 19 percent and 7 percent of the Panel, respectively. Interestingly, each of these four variants was considered unacceptable by roughly one fifth of the Panelists.
anti-Semitism an attitude or policy of hatred and hostility toward Jewish people. —anti-Semite, n. Assideanism Hasidism, def. 2. cabalism 1. the principles or doctrines of the cabala, a system of theosophy, theurgy, and mystical Scriptural interpretive methods originated by rabbis about the 8th century and affecting later Christian thinkers. 2. an interpretation made according to these doctrines. 3. an extreme traditionalism in theological concepts or Biblical interpretation. 4. obscurantism, especially that resulting from the use of obscure vocabulary. —cabalist, n. —cabalistic, adj. Diaspora the scattering of the Jews after the period of Babylonian exile. Gemarist a student of or expert on the Gemara, or second book of the Talmud. —Gemaric, adj. gentilism the state or quality of being non-Jewish. —gentile, n., adj. Haggada, Haggadah, Aggada, Aggadah 1. the explanatory matter in rabbinic and Talmudic literature, interpreting or illustrating the Scriptures. 2. a book in which is printed the liturgy for the Seder service. —haggadic, haggadical, adj. haggadist 1. a student of the Haggada. 2. a writer of the Haggada. Halaka, Halakah, Halachah the entire body of Jewish law, comprising Biblical laws, oral laws transcribed in the Talmud, and subsequent codes altering traditional teachings. —Halakist, Halachist, n. — Halakic, adj. Hasidism, Chasidism 1. the beliefs and practices of a mystical Jewish sect, founded in Poland about 1750, characterized by an emphasis on prayer, religious zeal, and joy. 2. the beliefs and practices of a pious sect founded in the 3rd century B.C. to resist Hellenizing tendencies and to promote strict observance of Jewish laws and rituals. Also Assideanism. —Hasidic, adj. —Hasidim, n. pi. Hebraism the thought, spirit, and practice characteristic of the Hebrews. —Hebraist, n. —Hebraistic, Hebraistical, adj. Jewry 1. the Jewish people collectively. 2. an area inhabited solely or mostly by Jews. Judaism 1. the Jewish religion, rites, customs, etc. 2. adherence to the Jewish religion, rites, etc. —Judaist, n. —Judaic, Judaistic, adj. Judophobism, Judophobia a hatred of Jews and of Jewish culture. Also called Judaeophobia. Karaism a Jewish theology based on literal interpretation of the Old Testament and rejection of rabbinical commentary. —Karaite, n. levirate the custom under the Mosaic code (Deut. xxv: 5-10) that required a widow to marry her dead husband’s brother if she had no sons. —levirate, leviratical, adj. Masorete, Masorite any of the Jewish scribes of the 10th century who compiled the Masora. —Masoretic, —Masoretical, adj. messianism 1. a belief in a Messiah coming to deliver the Jews, restore Israel, and rule righteously, first mentioned by the Prophet Isaiah. 2. the Christian belief that Jesus Christ was the Messiah prophesied. 3. the vocation of a Messiah. —Messianic, adj. Mosaicity the condition of being rooted in Mosaic tradition. Mosaism 1. the system of laws and rituals established by Moses. 2. devotion to the Mosaic laws. —Mosaist, n. —Mosaic, adj. Phariseeism, Pharisaism 1. the beliefs and practices of an ancient Jewish sect, especially strictness of religious observance, close adherence to oral laws and traditions, and belief in an afterlife and a coming Messiah. Cf. Sadducecism. 2. (l.c.) the behavior of a sanctimonious and self-righteous person. —Pharisee, pharisee n. —Pharisaic, pharisaic, adj. Philonism the philosophy of Philo Judaeus, lst-century B.C. Alexandrian, combining Judaism and Platonism and acting as a precursor of Neoplatonism. —Philonian, adj. —Philonic, adj. rabbinism the beliefs, practices, and precepts of the rabbis of the Talmudic period. —rabbinic, rabbinical, adj. Sabbatarianism the beliefs and principles underlying a strict observance of the Sabbath. —Sabbatarian, n., adj. Sadduceeism, Sadducism the beliefs and practices of an ancient Jewish sect made up largely of the priestly aristocracy and opposing the Pharisees in both political and doctrinal matters, especially literal and less legalistic interpretation of the Jewish law, rejection of the rabbinical and prophetic traditions, and denying immortality, retribution in a future life, and the existence of angels. Cf. Phariseeism. —Sadducee, n. —Sadducean, adj. scribism the beliefs and actions of Jewish scribes during the life of Christ. Semitics the study of Semitic languages and culture. —Semitist, Semiticist, n. Semitism 1. the state or quality of being Jewish. 2. anything typical or characteristic of Judaism, as customs, beliefs, influence, etc. Sepher Torah Torah, def. 2. Talmudism 1. the teachings of the collection of Jewish law and tradition called the Talmud. 2. the observance of and adherence to these teachings. —Talmudist, n. —Talmudic, adj. torah 1. the first flve books of the Old Testament; the Pentateuch. 2. a scroll of these scriptures in Hebrew used for liturgical purposes. Also called Sepher Torah. 3. the entire body of Jewish law and tradition as found in the Old Testament and the Talmud. tosaphist a writer of tosaphoth. tosaphoth the explanatory and critical glosses made usually in the margins of Talmudic literature. Yahwism 1. the worship of Yahweh (Jehovah). 2. the act or custom of naming Jehovah Yahweh. Zealotism the beliefs, activities, and spirit of an ancient radical group in Judea that advocated overthrowing Roman rule. Zionism a worldwide Jewish movement for the establishment in Palestine of a national homeland for Jews. —Zionist, Zionite, n. —Zionist, Zionistic, adj.