- The traditions current among the Israelites respecting the origins and early history of their nation - the patriarchal period, and the times of Moses and Joshua - were probably first cast into a written form in the 10th or 9th century B.C. by a prophet living in Judah, who, from the almost exclusive use in his narrative of the sacred name " Jahveh " (" Jehovah "), - or, as we now commonly write it, Yahweh, - is referred to among scholars by the abbreviation " J."
This direct testimony is supplemented by that of the magical texts, in which Ia(3e (Jahveh Sebaoth), as well as Iaf3a, occurs frequently.° In an Ethiopic list of magical names of Jesus, purporting to have been taught by him to his disciples, Yawe is found.
There is no reason to impugn the soundness of this substantially consentient testimony to the pronunciation Yahweh or Jahveh, coming as it does through several independent channels.
Jahveh or Yahweh is apparently an example of a common type of Hebrew proper names which have the form of the 3rd pers.
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