An Islamic mosque.
- An example of Islam is the religion based on the Qur'an.
- An example of Islam is Indonesia.
Islam is the Muslim religion, the group of people who practice the Muslim religion, or the areas where the Muslim religion is the dominate religion practiced.
- the Muslim religion, a monotheistic religion in which the supreme deity is Allah and the chief prophet and founder is Muhammad
- Muslims collectively
- all the lands in which the Muslim religion predominates
Origin of IslamArabic isl?m, literally , submission (to God's will) ; from salama, to be resigned
- A monotheistic religion characterized by the doctrine of absolute submission to God and by reverence for Muhammad as the chief and last prophet of God.
- a. The people or nations that practice Islam; the Muslim world.b. The civilization developed by the Muslim world.
Origin of IslamArabic ’islam, submission, from ’aslama, to surrender, resign oneself, from Syriac ’ašlem, to make peace, surrender, derived stem of šlem, to be complete; see šlm in Semitic roots.
Alcoranist a strict follower of the Koran. Babism the doctrines and practices of a 19th-century Persian sect that formed the basis for the current Baha’i organization, regarded as heretical by orthodox Muslims because its leader proclaimed himself to be the Imam Mahdi, the expected twelfth Imam of the Shiite sect, who would establish justice on earth. —Babist, n. Ghazism the activities of the Ghazis, fanatics sworn to destroy all infidels. Imamite a member of the Shi’a sect of Muslims, who believe in a succession of twelve divinely inspired imams, from Ali to Muhamad al Muntazar. Islam, Islamism the religion of Islam; Muhammadanism. —Islamist, n. —Islamitic, adj. Kaabism the tradition in Islam of venerating a shrine in Mecca through pilgrimage and prayers made after turning in its direction. —Kaaba, n., adj. Karmathian an adherent of a heretical 9th-century Muslim sect that considers the Koran as mere allegory and is opposed to prayer, fasting, and revelation. Mahdism the belief in Mahdi, the Muslim spiritual guide who, on Judgment Day, will lead the faithful to salvation. —Mahdist, n. Muhammadanism, Mohammedanism the doctrines and practices of the religion founded by the prophet Muhammad and set forth in the Koran. Also called Islam, Islamism. —Muhammadan, Mohammedan, n. Pan-Islamism the doctrines of Sultan Abdul-Hamid’s 19th-century political movement that was against the westernization and unification of Islam. —Pan-Islamist, n. —Pan-Islamic, adj. Senusism, Sanusism a 19th-century Islamic brotherhood observing a strict and ascetic religious orthodoxy and practicing militant political activity. Also Senusiya, Sanusiya. —Senusi, Sanusi, n. Shiism the doctrines and practices of Shi’a, one of the two major branches of Islam, regarding Ali, the son-in-law of Muhammad, as the Prophet’s legitimate successor. See also Sunnism. —Shiite, n., adj. Sufism the beliefs and practices of an ascetic, retiring, and mystical sect in Islam. —Sufi, n., adj. Sunnism the doctrines and practices of the larger of the two major branches of Islam, regarding as legitimate the first four caliphs after Muhammad’s death and stressing the importance of the traditional portion of Muslim law (the Sunna). See also Shiism. — Sunnite, n., adj. talismanist Obsolete, a Muslim holy man.
Arabic إِسْلَام (ʾislām, “submission (to the will of God)”), verbal noun of أَسْلَمَ (ʾaslama), from the root س ل م (s-l-m).