island in the West Indies, between Cuba & Puerto Rico: divided between Haiti & the Dominican Republic: 29,418 sq mi (76,192 sq km)
An island of the West Indies east of Cuba. Originally inhabited by Arawak Indians, it was claimed by Christopher Columbus for Spain in 1492. The western part (now Haiti) was ceded to France by Spain in 1697. The Dominican Republic, on the eastern part of the island, was formed in 1844.
Spanish española, short for La Isla Española ("The Spanish Island").