Hawthorne effectHawthorne effect
improvement in performance, as by workers or students, resulting from mere awareness that experimental attempts are being made to bring about improvement
Origin of Hawthorne effectafter the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Co. in Cicero, Ill., where studies of worker performance were made in 1927
(plural Hawthorne effects)
Coined in 1950 by Henry Landsberger after a 1924-1932 study at the Hawthorne Works.