country in W Africa, on the coast between Guinea & Senegal: formerly a Portuguese territory, it became independent in 1973: 13,946 sq mi (36,120 sq km); cap. Bissau
A country of western Africa on the Atlantic Ocean. Populated by Fulani, Malinke, and other West African peoples, it was first visited by the Portuguese in the 1400s and later became a Portuguese colony (1879). After more than ten years of fighting by secessionist guerrillas, the country achieved independence in 1974. Bissau is the capital and the largest city.
- Country in Western Africa. Official name: Republic of Guinea-Bissau.