Early in the 29th century Griquas established themselves north of the Orange.
Trouble first arose, however, between the Boers and the Griquas in the Philippolis district.
The majority of the white farmers in Kok's territory sent a deputation to the British commissioner in Natal, Henry Cloete, asking for equal treatment with the Griquas, and expressing the desire to come on such terms, under British protection.
Shortly afterwards hostilities between the farmers and the Griquas broke out.
British troops were moved up to support the Griquas, and after a skirmish at Zwartkopjes (May 2, 1845) a new arrangement was made between Kok and Sir Peregrine Maitland, then governor of Cape Colony, virtually placing the administration of his territory in the hands of a British resident, a post filled in 1846 by Captain H.