Origin of Gibraltarafter the Gibraltar
- small peninsula at the southern tip of Spain, extending into the Mediterranean: 2.5 sq mi (6.5 sq km); it consists mostly of a rocky hill (), 1,396 ft (426 m) high
- British crown colony, including a port & naval base, on this peninsula: pop. 28,000
- strait between Spain & Morocco, joining the Mediterranean & the Atlantic: c. 35 mi (56 km) long
From the Arabic جبل طارق (Jabal Ţāriq), meaning Mountain of Tariq, who led the Umayyad conquest of Hispania, starting in 711. Replaced earlier Latin Mons Calpe (“Mount Calpe”) for the land, and Ancient Greek Ηράκλειες Στήλε (Ērakleies Stēle, “Pillars of Hercules”) (Latin Columnae Herculis) for the strait.