- a plant (Cucumis anguria) of the gourd family bearing small, prickly, cucumberlike fruit
- the fruit of this plant, used for pickles
- the immature fruit of the cucumber when pickled
Origin of gherkinfrom Dutch or Low German gurken, cucumber from Polish ogórek from Modern Greek angouri from Late Greek angourion, watermelon from Persian ang?rah
- a. A small cucumber, especially one used for pickling.b. A pickle made from such a fruit.
- a. A vine (Cucumis anguria) native to Africa and widely cultivated especially in the West Indies, having prickly fruit often harvested when immature for pickling.b. The fruit of this plant.
Origin of gherkinUltimately ( via early Modern Dutchgurkijn (Modern Dutch gurkje ) ) ( diminutive of Dutch gurk gherkin ) ( aphetic variant of agurk ) ( or possibly via Dutch agurken ) ( plural of agurk ) ( taken in English as a singular a gurken ) from Dutch agurk variant of augurk ultimately from a Slavic source such as Polish ogórek partial translation (with diminutive suffix -ek ) of Byzantine Greek angourion watermelon, gherkin from diminutive of Late Greek angouros a single grape, bunch of grapes, probably originally meaning “small, unripe fruit,” from expressive alteration of Greek aōros out of season, unripe a- not ; see a-1. hōra season, time ; see yēr- in Indo-European roots.
From earlier Dutch plural of gurk (="cucumber"), shortened form of East Frisian augurk
Presumably after the shape of the building, which is like that of a gherkin.