- preceded by four others in a series; 5th
- designating any of the five equal parts of something
Origin of fifthMiddle English fifte from Old English fifta from fif, five
- the one following the fourth
- any of the five equal parts of something;
- a unit of liquid measure for alcoholic beverages, equal to a fifth of a gallon (0.757 liter)
- a bottle of alcohol with a capacity of one fifth of a gallon
- the fifth tone of an ascending diatonic scale, or a tone four degrees above or below any given tone in such a scale; dominant
- the interval between two such tones, or a combination of them
- [F-]Informal Fifth Amendment
plead the Fifth
- The ordinal number matching the number five in a series.
- One of five equal parts.
- One fifth of a gallon or four fifths of a quart of liquor.
- Music a. A tone five degrees above or below a given tone in a diatonic scale.b. The interval between two such tones.c. The harmonic combination of two such tones.d. The dominant of a scale or key.
- Fifth The Fifth Amendment. Used with the.
Origin of fifthMiddle English from Old English fīfta ; see penkwe in Indo-European roots.
- The ordinal form of the number five.
- The person or thing in the fifth position.
- One of five equal parts of a whole.
- The fifth gear of an engine.
- A quantity of liquor equal to one-fifth of a gallon, or, more commonly, 750 milliliters.
- The musical interval between one note and another five tones higher.
- The fifth voice in a polyphonic melody.
From Middle English fifthe, fifte, fift, from Old English fīfta (“fifth”), from Proto-Germanic *femftô (“fifth”), equivalent to five + -th. Cognate with Scots fift, fyft (“fifth”), North Frisian fyfde (“fifth”), West Frisian fyfde (“fifth”), Dutch vijfde (“fifth”), Low German fifte, föfte, füfte (“fifth”), German fünfte (“fifth”), Danish femte (“fifth”), Swedish femte (“fifth”), Icelandic fimmta (“fifth”).
- (chiefly US, informal, with the) The Fifth Amendment.
- (chiefly US, informal, with the, by extension) The right not to give self-incriminating testimony.
- (chiefly US) Fifth Avenue.
- (chiefly US) Fifth Street.
From the name of the Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution, protecting various rights in United States legal proceedings.