- ancient kingdom (possibly dating to the 10th cent. ) in NE Africa, on the Red Sea, corresponding to modern Sudan & N Ethiopia (the country)
- country in E Africa: established, 1855: 435,186 sq mi (1,127,127 sq km); cap. Addis Ababa
A country of northeast Africa. A kingdom was established around Aksum in the 1st century AD and declined in the 7th century. After a long period of disorder, the area was finally reunited in 1889 by Emperor Menelik II, who greatly expanded Ethiopia by conquest. Italy invaded in 1935 and held the country until 1941. Following the military overthrow of Emperor Haile Selassie I (ruled 1930-1974), a socialist state was established. The country suffered enormous hardship from war with rebels from the province of Eritrea (which gained its independence in 1993) and from famine and drought. Guerrilla forces toppled the government in 1991 and implemented a new democratic constitution (1994). Addis Ababa is the capital and the largest city.x
- Country in Eastern Africa. Official name: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.
- (historical) Sub-Saharan Africa, especially the parts south of Egypt and along and east of the Nile
From Ancient Greek Αἰθιοπία (Aithiopia), from Αἰθίοψ (Aithiops, “charred complexion”), from αἴθω (aithō, “I burn”) + ὤψ (ōps, “eye, face, complexion”).
- On the 10th of April 1891, Menelek communicated to the powers his views with regard to the Italian frontier, and announced his intention of re-establishing the ancient boundaries of Ethiopia as far as Khartum to the north-west and Victoria Nyanza to the south.
- In 1625 he set out again, accompanied by Mendez, the patriarch of Ethiopia, and eight missionaries.
- CUSH, the eldest son of Ham, in the Bible, from whom seems to have been derived the name of the "Land of Cush," commonly rendered "Ethiopia" by the Septuagint and by the Vulgate.
- Egypt and Ethiopia also furnished a certain number, and Italy a few.
- In alliance with Egypt and Ethiopia, which aimed at throwing off the oppressive tyranny of Assyria; as usual, however, the city-states of Phoenicia could not combine even against a common foe, and several broke away from Tyre, so Menander tells us, and sided with Assyria.