Duchesne, Origines du culte chretien (Paris, 1898); Mgr.
Duchesne, " Le Concile d'Elvire " in the Melanges Renier.
For the early ritual see Duchesne, Origines du culte chretien (3rd ed., Paris, 1903).
Vi.), the processions of thanksgiving on the return from captivity, &c. The liturgy of the early Church as Duchesne shows (Origines, ch.
In the Quadragesimae de Epiphania as described by Etheria there is, as Monsignor Duchesne points out (Christian Worship, p. 272), no indication of a special association with the Blessed Virgin; and the distinction between the festival as celebrated in the East and West is that in the former it is a festival of Christ, in the latter a festival pre-eminently of the Virgin Mother.